Composting Center Plans To Profit From Food Waste

recycle / compost / reuse

Date: 14-Jan-10
Country: US
Author: Jon Hurdle

WILMINGTON, Del. – On a windswept industrial site near the Port of Wilmington, a front-end loader tips a fetid mass of half-rotted food and plastic bags onto a 20-foot heap inside a large blue shed.

It’s the start of a process that will turn thousands of tons of rotting food, yard waste and paper products into rich compost that will be used to help farmers grow crops and homeowners nurture their shrubs.

The compost also reduces the volume of landfill waste, saves waste-disposal fees, cuts emissions of climate-changing methane, generates carbon credits for businesses, and returns soil nutrients to their source of origin.

Composting, long valued by gardeners, is just beginning to be adopted on the industrial scale exemplified by the Wilmington Organic Recycling Center, which claims to be the biggest of its kind on the East Coast of the United States.

The $20 million center opened in November and aims to produce 100,000 tons of compost annually when it becomes fully operational in April. The compost will be derived from 160,000 tons of waste that will be diverted from bulging landfills.

Institutions such as schools, stores, supermarkets, and hospitals will pay less to compost their waste than to throw it in a landfill.

The center, built on a 27-acre brown-field site, charges clients $50 a ton to dump their waste at the compost plant, less than the state-wide rate of $61 a ton to dump waste in one of the three landfills in the state, said Scott Woods, chief executive of Peninsula Compost Group, which manages the facility.

“We are providing optimal conditions for backyard composting,” said Woods.

The waste is sorted to remove large, non-degradable material, and then transferred to about a dozen long heaps where the natural rotting process, aided by special aeration and periodic turning, converts it into compost in eight weeks.

Inside the massive heaps, the temperature will rise to 160 degrees Fahrenheit (71 degrees Celsius) within a few days, killing off any fecal coloform, salmonella and weed seeds. Green GORE-TEX tarps allow each heap to breathe while helping to generate heat and shielding them from rain.

Computers monitor the temperature and oxygen content of each heap with data gathered by stainless-steel probes inserted into the rotting material.

Rising landfill fees and a growing public demand for a greener lifestyle have made composting commercially viable, according to Nelson Widell, a Peninsula partner.

“You need to be in an area where the tipping fees are high enough,” he said.

Wawa, a convenience-store chain that delivers about six tons of mostly coffee grounds a month from two pilot stores, is saving $300 a month by reducing its landfill fees, said Judy Ward, chief executive of Advanced Enviro Systems, which helps Wawa and others businesses go green.

The composting of food waste has boosted Wawa’s recycling to 48 percent from 20 percent of the waste stream, Ward said.

She added that the financial benefits of composting may be reduced by increased transportation costs to the new center, or by investment in new containers for the spoiled food.

While there is a growing business demand for sustainability, the financial benefits of composting underpin the new center, said Woods.

“The economic model works because it’s effective and simple,” he said.

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Know the benefits / savings; share with everyone that drives

White House Unveils Landmark Fuel Economy and Emissions Standards

Author photo Written by Nick Chambers, Editor
Published on September 15th, 2009

Today the Obama Administration released a 1,200 page document of proposed regulation changes that will drastically alter the fuel economy and emissions standards that auto manufacturers are required to meet in the US. Although it could be an incredibly contentious topic, it seems that so far the proposal has gained wide support from all sides of the spectrum including environmental organizations and industry lobby groups.

The changes — which would alter both the Department of Transportation’s and the Environmental Protection Agency’s rules — call for what amounts to about a 5% increase in fuel economy standards per year from 2011 to 2016 starting with 27.3 mpg in 2011 and ending with 35.5 mpg in 2016.

In addition to the new economy standards, the White House has outlined the first ever greenhouse gas emissions limits for new cars sold in the US. Starting with model year 2016, each manufacturer’s new car fleet would have to meet an average limit of 250 grams of carbon emitted per mile driven.

The administration said that altogether the new rules would save the average car buyer $3,000 in fuel costs over the life of a vehicle, reduce emissions of carbon dioxide by about 950 million metric tons tons, and reduce the US’ dependence on foreign oil by about 1.8 billion barrels.

Environmental organizations quickly got in on dousing praise on the proposal. The Natural Resources Defense Council called the new rules “unprecedented” and the Sierra Club’s Ann Mesnikoff said “Taking fuel economy out of the 1970s and into the 21st century is a big step.”

Not to be outdone, auto manufacturers and their lobbying groups also sounded positive about the proposal. Dave McCurdy, CEO of the Alliance for Automobile Manufacturers, said that the “rules are essential to providing manufacturers with the certainty and lead time necessary to plan for the future and cost effectively add new technology.” He added, “We look forward to working constructively with the Obama administration to provide comments and begin meeting our shared goals of increasing fuel economy, enhancing energy security, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions through this single national program.”

The public has 60 days to comment on the proposal and, by law, the White House will have to publish final rules by March 30, 2010.

Image Credit: Wolfgang Staudt’s Flickr Photostream. Used under a Creative Commons License.

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(NHTSA) proposed the first national standards to limit global warming pollution in U.S. history

*** BREAKING NEWS *** BREAKING NEWS *** BREAKING NEWS ***tailpipe-email_jpg

Dear CSea,

New rules will cut global warming emissions from cars.

Send an email supporting these historic new rules.


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Moments ago, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) proposed the first national standards to limit global warming pollution in U.S. history.

The proposal would:

  • Reduce global warming pollution from automobiles by 21% by 2030.
  • Cut carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 950 million metric tons.
  • Save 1.8 billion barrels of oil.
  • Save the average consumer more than $3,000 in fuel costs.

EDF President Fred Krupp issued this statement in response:

“This is a critical step to reduce our dependence on foreign oil and curb pollution that threatens our health. It will deliver immediate benefits for the country as Congress crafts comprehensive climate legislation.”

Today’s groundbreaking action supports President Obama’s landmark May 19th accord with major automakers, the Governor of California, the United Auto Workers Union, and environmentalists.

Passenger cars and light-trucks emit nearly 20% of America’s greenhouse gases in the form of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and hydrofuorocarbons. In April, EPA provisionally found that these four contaminants and two other greenhouse gases endanger human health and welfare.

Today’s announcement opens a 60-day public comment period before the rule can be finalized.

Please take a moment to submit your comments in support of this historic rule.

With your help, we will continue our efforts to fight global warming on a variety of fronts. Our top priority remains passing legislation to establish an economy-wide cap on America’s global warming pollution.

Today’s announcement is an important step in our efforts to protect our planet from the catastrophic threats of run-away global warming.

Thank you for your activism and support,
Environmental Defense Fund

tailpipe-email_jpg

New rules will cut global warming emissions from cars.

Boaters take notice to what really works, motor vs craft

Toronto-boatseeFuel and eeLube are proven to increase hours on the water, improved performance and far less toxic emissions. Save The World

No greenwashing here; we clean the motor not the exterior, increasing longevity of quality / clean performance.Preventative maintenance allows you to really Make A Difference.  Be responsible!

September 10, 2009

NEWS from BoatUS
Boat Owners Association of The United States
880 S. Pickett St., Alexandria, VA 22304
BoatUS News Room at http://www.BoatUS.com
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Press Contact: Scott Croft, 703-461-2864, SCroft@BoatUS.com
Not All Boat Suds Are Created Equal:
BoatUS Foundation Tests ”Green” Boat Soaps
Environmentally-friendly Boat Cleaning Tips
ANNAPOLIS, Md., September 10, 2009 – A quick scan of boat cleaning product labels at your local boating supply reveals a daunting array of words, including non-toxic, biodegradable, environmentally smart, and phosphate-free. But do so-called “environmentally-friendly” boat cleaners get the job done or are boaters simply getting “greenwashed”?

The non-profit BoatUS Foundation for Boating Safety and Clean Water recently laboratory tested 20 boat cleaners for their toxicity as well as how quickly they biodegraded. They also completed real-world tests to gauge performance. “In our lab tests, a few ‘green’ labeled products appeared to be among the most harmful products tested, and some conventional products were far less toxic than suspected, yet made no environmental claims on the packaging,” said BoatUS Foundation Director of Environmental Programs Susan Shingledecker.  “, we found that choosing a ‘green’ cleaner based on its label is challenging,” she added.

Another finding definitively put an end to a misperception amongst some boaters that “green” cleaners may not be as effective as conventional cleaners.  “Some of the ‘green’ products actually outperformed conventional cleaners,” added Shingledecker.

Tests revealed that the best cleaners for the environment were found to biodegrade in as little as two weeks. “Biodegradability is more important than its initial toxicity.  Cleaners that break down slowly have a greater impact on aquatic life over time,” added Shingledecker.

To find out which products scored the highest in all tests, you can view a series of short videos as well as a full report, “Foundation Findings #47 – Green Cleaners Testing,” at www.BoatUS.com/foundation/Findings/47 .

The Foundation also advises that how boat cleaners are utilized — such as the frequency of use and recommended concentration — is as important to the environment as selecting the right product. Here are three environmentally friendly tips to remember when cleaning your boat:

  • Periodic fresh water rinsing of your boat will prevent dirt and debris from accumulating, lessening the need for boat cleaners.
  • If a product is to be diluted with water, pay heed to the manufacturer’s directions for use. Real world tests showed that increasing the product-to-water ratio did not improve performance.
  • Use a general boat soap for an overall cleaning, and on tough stains sparingly employ sprays or paste spot cleaners, using a towel to minimize run-off. Regardless of “green” claims, more concentrated spray or paste products were found significantly more toxic than a general boat soap diluted with water.

the truth behind fuel additives

lamb-black-sheep-facetofaceGoing green has many faces, here are some powerful solutions, little known in North America.

Learn the truth about unique / extremely effective nanotechnology fuel additives, eeLube and eeFuel.

They immediately begin reducing emissions, carbon buildup while improving performance, mileage and longevity. http://FLIglobal.com FREE OFFERS  http://NanotechFuel.com specs and video proof.

__________________________

Gasoline additive

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

(Redirected from Fuel additive)
Jump to: navigation, search

Gasoline additives increase gasoline‘s octane rating or act as corrosion inhibitors or lubricants, thus allowing the use of higher compression ratios for greater efficiency and power, however some carry heavy environmental risks. Types of additives include metal deactivators, corrosion inhibitors, oxygenates and antioxidants.

[edit] Additives

[edit] External links

  • http://www.fbhvc.co.uk/fuel/index.htm – Aftermarket lead replacement additives were scientifically tested and some were approved by the Federation of British Historic Vehicle Clubs at the UK’s Motor Industry Research Association (MIRA) in 1999.

[edit] See also

[edit] Additives in the Aftermarket and Controversy

Although motor oil is manufactured with numerous additives, aftermarket oil additives exist, too. A glaring inconsistency of mass-marketed aftermarket oil additives is that they often use additives which are foreign to motor oil. On the other hand, commercial additives are also sold that are designed for extended drain intervals (to replace depleted additives in used oil) or for formulating oils in situ (to make a custom motor oil from base stock). Commercial additives are identical to the additives found in off-the-shelf motor oil, while mass-marketed additives have some of each.

Some mass-market oil additives, notably the ones containing PTFE/Teflon (e.g. Slick 50)[5] and chlorinated paraffins (e.g. Dura Lube)[6], have caused a major backlash by consumers and the U.S. Federal Trade Commission which investigated many mass-marketed engine oil additives in the late 1990s. Although there is no reason to say that all oil additives used in packaged engine oil are good and all aftermarket oil additives are bad, there has been a tendency in the aftermarket industry to make unfounded claims regarding the efficacy of their oil additives. These unsubstantiated claims have caused consumers to be lured into adding a bottle of chemicals to their engines which do not lower emissions, improve wear resistance, lower temperatures, improve efficiency, or extend engine life more than the (much cheaper) oil would have. Many consumers are convinced that aftermarket oil additives work, but many consumers are convinced that they do not work and are in fact detrimental to the engine. The topic is hotly debated on the Internet.

Although PTFE, a solid, was used in some aftermarket oil additives, users alleged that the PTFE clumped together, clogging filters. Certain people in the 1990s have reported that this was corroborated by NASA[7] and U.S. universities.[8] One thing to note, in defense of PTFE, is that if the particles are smaller than what was apparently used in the 1980s and 1990s, then PTFE can be an effective lubricant in suspension.[9] The size of the particle and many other interrelated components of a lubricant make it difficult to make blanket statements about whether PTFE is useful or harmful. Although PTFE has been called “the slickest substance known to man,”[10][11] it would hardly do any good if it remains in the oil filter.

Climate change laws mean higher consumer costs: ATA

mitigate pollution while saving money

mitigate pollution while saving money

Jul 21, 2009 3:03 PM

The American Trucking Associations (ATA) told the US Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works that climate change legislation would impose significant costs on American consumers.

In his statement on behalf of ATA, Ray Kuntz, chairman of ATA’s Executive Committee and immediate past chairman of the associations, said any substantial cost increases imposed directly or indirectly on trucks by climate change legislation will curtail delivery of vital consumer goods across the nation such as food, medicine, and clothing.

“Constraining the country’s freight delivery system would change our way of life for the worse by significantly increasing the cost of everything we buy,” said Kuntz, who is chairman and chief executive officer of Watkins and Shepard Trucking, based in Helena MT.

A one-cent increase in the average price of diesel costs the trucking industry an additional $390 million in fuel expenses. Petroleum suppliers indicate that climate change legislation could increase the cost of gasoline by 77 cents per gallon for gasoline and 88 cents for diesel fuel. As trucking companies struggle with already minuscule margins, additional costs for fuel would be passed on to shippers of goods and materials and ultimately to consumers.

Kuntz addressed six other issues in his testimony relating directly to climate change legislation and trucking:

•Climate change legislation must address the need to improve highway infrastructure to reduce carbon output.

•Carbon oversight markets must carefully be monitored and transparent to prevent excessive speculation.

•Trucking needs to be addressed differently than passenger vehicles because trucks are not discretionary users.

•State transportation emissions reduction plans must not impede the delivery of goods.

•Federal regulations must pre-empt regional, state, and local carbon laws to prevent a patchwork jumble of laws that would impede transportation efficiency.

•Oil refiners should receive appropriate free carbon allowances for fuel production to help offset significant price increases for refined products.

Kuntz serves on ATA’s Sustainability Task Force, which developed a progressive sustainability agenda that will reduce fuel consumption by 86 billion gallons and CO2 emissions by 900 million tons for all vehicles over the next 10 years by: setting governors on new trucks to limit speeds to no more than 65 mph; reducing the national speed limit to 65 mph for all vehicles; reducing engine idling; reducing congestion by improving highways; using more productive truck combination’s; supporting national fuel economy standards for trucks; and increasing fuel efficiency by encouraging participation in the U.S. EPA SmartWay Transport Partnership Program.

Visit www.trucksdeliver.org for ATA’s entire sustainability report with detailed explanations.

Access Current Eco Analysis

Get caught up on current Eco Analysis, Solutions and Results090306-024

Proof of emission reduction solution

With President Obama’s energy plans and the automotive industry a quick solution is at hand. Each of us are responsible for maintaining our vehicles with the best proactive care possible. I’ve always been taught to change the oil every 3,000 miles, which often went to 5,000 miles.


Not realizing I was further polluting from the carbon emissions, NOx and other toxic pollutants released from the exhaust system. Take a white paper towel, wrap around your fingers then wipe the inside of your tailpipe. I suspect you will know what I am referring to.


Having moved from Seattle to Denver in January, 1979 and seeing the brown cloud welcoming me to town was a serious wake up call. I had always read that Los Angeles, back then was the worst smog in the country. Since then Denver surpassed LA as CA has implemented environmentally friendly laws and practices.

Check out this short video to see the solution I use and highly recommend. http://vimeo.com/2310386

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